بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم وبه نستعين
يسعدني أنا (الاستاذ الدكتور ابراهيم خليل العلاف )أن ارحب بكم في مدونتي الثانية مدونة الدكتور ابراهيم خليل العلاف ..واود القول بانني سأخصص هذه المدونة لكتاباتي التاريخية والثقافية العراقية والعربية عملا بالقول المأثور : " من نشر علما كلله الله بأكاليل الغار ومن كتم علما ألجمه الله بلجام من نار " .
الثلاثاء، 11 يوليو، 2017
It’s time to prepare for Iran’s political collapse By Ray Takeyh By Ray Takeyh
It’s time to prepare for Iran’s political collapse
Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei attends a meeting with air force commanders in Tehran on Feb. 7. (Office of the Iranian Supreme Leader via Associated Press)s.
Takeyh is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
In recent congressional testimony,
Secretary of State Rex
Tillerson sensibly stressed that the United States should “work towards support of those elements inside of
Iran that would lead to a peaceful transition of that government.” The
commentariat was aghast, and the Islamic republic registered a formal protest
note. Both parties seemed surprised that the United States has long assisted
those seeking democratic change. During the Cold War, secretaries of state
routinely assured those trapped behind the Iron Curtain that America supported
their aspirations. Given that Iran is ruled by an aging Supreme Leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the United States should be prepared for a transition
of power there that may yet precipitate the collapse of the entire system.
In a region littered with failed
states, Iran is often mischaracterized as an island of stability. The history
of the Islamic republic, however, is a turbulent one, featuring a constant
struggle between an authoritarian regime and restive population seeking
democratic empowerment. When they first assumed power, the clerical oligarchs
waged bloody street battles to repress other members of the revolutionary
coalition who did not share their desire for a theocratic dictatorship. In the
1990s, they faced the rise of a reform movement that remains the most
exhilarating attempt to harmonize religion and pluralism. The reformists spoke
about reconsidering Khamenei’s absolutist pretensions and expanding civil
society and critical media. The regime reacted with its usual mixture of terror
and intimidation to eviscerate the movement. And then came the Green Revolt in
summer 2009 that forever delegitimized the system and severed the bonds between
state and society.
The one thing certain about Iran’s
future is that another protest movement will rise at some point seeking to
displace the regime.
Today, the Islamic republic lumbers
on as the Soviet Union did during its last years. It professes an ideology that
convinces no one. It commands security services that proved unreliable in the
2009 rebellion, causing the regime to deploy the Basij militias because many
commanders of the Revolutionary Guards refused to shoot the protesters.
The seminaries in the shrine city of
Qom appreciate the damage that the government of God has done to Islam as the
mosques remain empty even during important religious commemorations. Young men
don’t wish to join the clergy, and women don’t want to marry clerics. The
system is engulfed by corruption, which is particularly problematic for a
regime that bases its power on divine ordinance. And Iran just underwent a
presidential election where the winner, Hassan
Rouhani, promised freedoms
he has no intention of delivering and further delegitimized the government by
airing its dirty laundry on issues of craft and repression. Today, the Islamic
republic will not be able to manage a succession to the post of the supreme
leader as its factions are too divided and its public too disaffected.
The regime does, however, have one
thing in its favor: its nuclear agreement with the international community
(officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA.)
Historically, arms-control treaties have generated their own constituency.
During the 1970s, at the height of U.S.-Soviet arms-control diplomacy,
influential voices in the West did not want to pressure the Kremlin for fear
that it would disrupt the agreements. The Islamic republic can count on similar
forbearance from critical sectors of Washington. Many will feign concern about
Iran’s terrorism or human rights abuses, but will rebuff attempts to impose
truly crippling sanctions on Tehran. The legitimacy and longevity of the regime
will not be questioned by those whose foremost priority is sustaining a
deficient arms-control accord. And it was this sentiment that Tillerson
challenged when he called for making common cause with those struggling for
freedom inside Iran. The amorality of arms control has little room for such
lofty and idealistic ambitions.
The task of a judicious U.S.
government today is to plan for the probable outbreak of another protest
movement or the sudden passing of Khamenei that could destabilize the system to
the point of collapse. How can we further sow discord in Iran’s vicious
factional politics? How can the United States weaken the regime’s already
unsteady security services? This will require not just draining the Islamic
republic’s coffers but also finding ways to empower its domestic critics. The
planning for all this must start today; once the crisis breaks out, it will be
too late for America to be a player.
In March 1953, when Joseph Stalin
died, President Dwight Eisenhower asked to see his government’s studies about
how to exploit the Soviet succession crisis. There were none. An exasperated
Eisenhower exclaimed, “For about seven years, ever since 1946, I know that
everybody who should have been concerned with such things has been sounding off
on what we should do when Stalin dies…. Well he did — and we want to see what
bright ideas were in the files of this government, what plans were laid. What
we found was that the result of seven years of yapping is exactly zero.
We have no plan.” For his part, Tillerson has established the guidepost that
should direct U.S. foreign policy. The task for the administration now is to study
ways that we can take advantage of Iran’s looming crisis to potentially
displace one of America’s most entrenched adversaries
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الدكتور ابراهيم خليل العلاف